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Henry Spoure

 

 

THE SPOURE FAMILY

Before the Spoure family lived at Trebartha Hall the seat was occupied by the ancient Trebartha family. Read more ...

Nicholas Trebartha, the last male heir of that family, died in the reign of Henry VII leaving his daughter Anne as sole heiress. She married in 1498 to Thomas Spoure of Misterton in Somerset. He was captain of a troop of horse and had been sent to Cornwall to suppress a rising against the Crown, and there met and married Anne.

 

Thomas and Anne's son Thomas, who married Katherine Reskimer, purchased from Sir George Carew the manor of Treveniel in North Hill as well as lands in Blisland. Thomas' son, another Thomas, married Jane, daughter of John Jackman of Stokeclimsland. The Book of Spoure relates how their son Henry Spoure Esquire married Mary Roose of Froxton in the parish of Whitstone in the 11th year of the reign of Queen Elizabeth I (1569). Because Mary was their sole heir to her father’s estate, Froxton then became part of the Spoure estates. Henry purchased additional lands in North Hill, notably Trewortha and Lemarne, and subsequently sold Misterton, the original seat of the Spoures. Lemarne was of particular interest because of the tin mine which provided so well that Henry was able to give £1000 a piece to his five daughters. Apparently this was the first time that such a large sum of money had been given to a daughter by a private gentleman from his class in Cornwall. Henry built the great parlour and other rooms and buildings as additions to the existing Trebartha Hall.

The Spoures gradually purchased more land to add to their estates, including the manor of Tolcarne (purchased from John Kekewich of Catchfrench), Coquernell and Trekernell in North Hill. They acquired by marriage with the family of Speccott various properties in Devon and in Launcells.

In 1675 Edmund Spoure of Trebartha married Mary, daughter of James Rodd of Oakhay, Stoke Cannon, Devon, and his wife Mary, formerly Bampfylde. Edmund and Mary's son Henry, died young, and their only other child was a daughter, Mary, who inherited the considerable estates which the Spoures had acquired over several generations. It was for Mary that Edmund compiled the "Spoure Book" in 1694. For the Cornwall Record Office page which contains the archive catalogue references please click here.

The three images shown above have been taken from “The Spoure Book” and show (L-R): Henry Spoure (1626-1666); Henry’s wife Elizabeth (nee Specott); Edmund Spoure (1654-1696) who created the book for his daughter, Mary.

(Edmund’s coat of arms shows his father’s Spoure family and that of his mother, Mary Rodd.)

In 1697 Mary Spoure married Renatus Bellott of Bochym in Cury on the Lizard peninsular in Cornwall. The Bellott family had come to Cornwall during the reign of Elizabeth. Renatus was Member of Parliament for Mitchell in Cornwall in 1702. In 1704 he and Mary had a son, Renatus, but the child died in 1712, and was buried in North Hill church. His father died a few years later, the last of his family. Bochym was sold, but some lands were acquired by Mary, in St. Neot and St. Cleer. The arms of Bellot:—Argent on a chief Sable, three mullets pierced of the field.

Around 1720 Mary married for a second time; her husband was Charles Grylls of Court in Lanreath. Their only son George died in infancy, and Charles died in 1728. Once again mary was a widow without an heir. All Charles' lands were left in trust for Mary for her life, after her death to revert to trustees to the use of his kinsman William Grylls of Chaddlehanger, Devon.

Mary, apparently determined to secure an heir for the Spoure fortunes, became engaged to her cousin Francis Rodd, son of Bampfylde Rodd of Devon, and in 1728 she made a will leaving him all her property "provided he is not already married to, or shall not at any time take to wife, Jane Parker, now living in Covent Garden, London". This was to have been an expedient marriage because it ensured that the estate would remain in the family of Mary’s mother. Francis was the son of Bampfylde Rodd, the brother of Mary’s mother. Before the wedding could take place Mary died of smallpox, and in 1730 Francis Rodd found himself the owner of considerable estates in Cornwall. From hereon the Rodd family occupied Trebartha Hall. Read more ... There being no heir to the estate, had Mary not written a will, the beneficiary from her death would have been one of the descendants of Henry Spoure and Gertrude Bury. It is clear that Mary had intended that such a transfer of ownership would not take place.

Reproduced with the kind permission of National Trust Images

[In 1940 Major Rodd deposited the family documents at the City Library in Exeter; although almost the entire collection relates to Cornwall, there was at that time no County Record Office in Cornwall. In 1971 Major Rodd's daughter, Mrs. E. Mann of Bowerchalke, Salisbury, requested the Exeter City Library to transfer the Rodd documents to the Cornwall Record Office, and the transfer was completed in January 1972. The present catalogue was compiled between March and October 1974. Mrs. Mann and her three sisters retained the original "Spoure Book". The diaries of Francis Rodd, Francis Hearle Rodd, Rev. Edward Rodd and Col. Francis Rodd were given to the Record Office by Mr. Bryan Latham who had purchased Trebartha in 1940.]

An entry on the Curious Fox website at http://www.curiousfox.com/vill100/CornwallSmallerVillages_3.html reads as follows:

red mailPhilip Spoore of Misterton - (North Hill - Cornwall)
My great great grandfather Richard Spurr was born in Truro Cornwall in 1800. He married Ann Mary Babot of St Helier Jersey on his 21st birthday in 1821. He became a leader of the Chartist Movement in Truro, and by 1840 in London attending the first national conference in Manchester. In 1850 he and family migrated to Australia. In his wallet were hand drawn Coats of Arms of the Spoure and Spurre families. From the book General Armoury Spoore, or Spoure Trebartha and Northill, co. Cornwall, and Misterton, co. Somerset; RICHARD SPOURE, of Trebartha, temp. James l., son of HENRY SPOURE, of Northill, who was fourth in descent from PHILIP SPOORE, of Misterton. (Visit. Cornwall, 1620). ARMS:..Gules on a chev. Or, a rose of the first between two mullets pierced Sable. CREST:..A demi antelope Ermine erased Gules maned and attired Or, holding in the mouth a broken spear Sable headed Argent point downwards. Spurre (co. Cornwall). ARMS:..Gules on a chev. Or, a rose of the field between two spur-rowels Sable. Spurre (co. Cornwall). ARMS:..Gules on a chev. Or, a rose of the field between two spur-rowels Sable. WOULD LIKE TO HEAR FROM ANY DISTANT FAMILY MEMBERS OF THE ABOVE NAMES

 

Spoure Heraldry

The blazon of the arms of Spoure reads “Gules, on a chevron Or, a rose of the first, and two mullets pierced sable”. The arms can be seen above and on family monuments in St Torney’s church in North Hill. Read more ...

Armorial bearings associated with the Spoure family can be seen in the Book of Spoure and in St Torney’s Church in North Hill on the Spoure Monument and the nearby incised slab and incised panels. The location of these in St Torney’s can be seen here.

The Book of Spoure

spoure_arms_quartered_1694.jpg

 

This image has been taken from the Book of Spoure written by Edmund Spoure for his daughter, Mary (b1680), in 1694 and shows the arms of associated families. The descendant tree shows how the names apply to the arms. The connection with the Folleyfoot and Giffard families and that of William de Valoines is, as yet, unknown. Can you supply the information which shows the connection?

Nicholas TREBARTHA married Catherine CALLAWAY about 1470

|

Anne TREBARTHA married Thomas SPOURE about 1495

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Thomas SPOURE married Katherine Reskemer about 1522

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Thomas SPOURE married Jane Jackman about 1541

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Henry SPOURE married Mary ROOSE about 1565

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Richard SPOURE married Mary Courtney about 1590

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HENRY SPOURE married Gertrude Bury in 1622

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Henry SPOURE married Elizabeth SPECOTT in 1648

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Edmund SPOURE married Mary Rodd about 1675

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Mary SPOURE born about 1680

The blazons are as follows:

A

Spoure

Gules, on a chevron or, a rose of the first, and two mullets pierced sable

B

Trebartha

Azure, on a bend wavy argent, three Cornish choughs' heads erased, proper

C

Folleyfoot

Argent a fess between 2 lions passant gardant sable

D

Callaway

Argent, two glaziers snippers in saltire between four pears sable

E

Roose of Whitstone

Azure, four swans, proper

F

Giffard of Weare Giffard

Sable, three fusils conjoined in fesse ermine

G

William de Valoines

Argent three pallets wavy gules

H

Speccott

Or, on a bend gules, three mill-rinds pierced argent*

I

Spoure

Gules, on a chevron or, a rose of the first, and two mullets pierced sable

* The crescent on the Speccott arms indicates descent from a second son.

The three images shown further up this page show Henry Spoure (1626-1666); Henry’s wife Elizabeth (nee Speccott); their son, Edmund Spoure (1654-1696) who created the book for his daughter, Mary.

The Spoure arms of Henry Spoure (1626-1666) with those of his wife’s family. She was Gertrude http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/4/40/BuryOfColletonDevonArms.PNG/200px-BuryOfColletonDevonArms.PNGBury of the Bury family of Colleton. Colleton is a hamlet and former manor in the parish of Chulmleigh, in the North Devon.

The arms of Elizabeth Spoure nee Speccott showing the arms of both families. Elizabeth married Henry Spoure around 1648. These arms can also be seen on the 1653 memorial in St Torney’s to Richard Spoure the first born of Henry and Elizabeth who died when just a few months old.

The arms of Edmund Spoure showing the Spoure arms and those of the Rodd family. He married Mary Rodd about 1675.

 

 

St Torney’s Church Monuments

There are five monuments in the church displaying Spoure heraldry. On the church plan they are numbered #17, #18, #19, #21 and #23.

#17 is the three arched memorial to the infant Richard Spoure who died in 1653. The arms are described above, being the same as those of his mother Elizabeth Spoure nee Specott.

“Here lyeth ye body of Richard Spoure ye son and heire of Henery Spoure Esq and Elizabeth; who was buried ye 20th day of April in Anno Domini 1653 – et aetatis suiae 3rd moneth (aged 3 months).”

17_02

(Click on the image for a larger version).

Infans quid loquitae

Spoken by the child ?

This carved tombe

The sad inscription beares

Of my sooth death

And of my parents’ teares

For my departure

Though that happy I

By that was freed

From future misery

And now instead of their

Fond dandling kisses

I now enjoy a heaven

A heaven of blisses

Waile not the before for me

But heavens implore

That God with other issue

You would store

Whose pious lives may cause

You joyful eyes

And tend your deaths

With sacred obsequies

 

 

#18 (right) shows four sets of arms on incised slate. (Click on the image for a larger version).

The age of the plaques is unknown but may have been commissioned around 1680 by Edmund Spoure who had a deep interest in his pedigree and family history.

The families can be seen on the descendant listing shown above.

Upper left is Trebartha and Callaway. Upper right is Spoure and Bury. Lower left is Spoure and Rouse. Lower right is Spoure and Specott.

 

18_02.JPG

SpoureMonument.jpg

#19 (left) is part of the monument to Henry Spoure (1678-1688) the son of Edmund Spoure and Elizabeth (nee Speccott). At the very top of the monument is a set of arms with a fourteen part quartering and four of those parts have been quartered into four as well. (In heraldic terms quartering means ‘dividing’ and not necessarily into four parts). The crest’s blazon is a ‘Demi-Heraldic Antelope Ermine, Erased Per Fess Gules, Crined And Attired Or, Holding In The Mouth A Broken Spear Sable, Headed Argent, The Head Downwards’.

Mary Spoure’s ancestry is shown here and explains the source of many of the elements of this armorial plaque.

The arms shown here are as described below. Can you help fill in the gaps? What is the connection between the Spoure family and the Strode family, the Walrond family and William de Valoines?

 

 

Top row

 

a1

Spoure

Gules, on a chevron or, a rose of the first, and two mullets pierced sable

a2

Trebartha

Azure, on a bend wavy argent, three Cornish choughs' heads erased, proper

a3

Trebartha

Azure, on a bend wavy argent, three Cornish choughs' heads erased, proper

a4

Spoure

Gules, on a chevron or, a rose of the first, and two mullets pierced sable

b

Jackman

Per saltire argent and sable in pale two eagles displayed of the second

c1

Spoure

Gules, on a chevron or, a rose of the first, and two mullets pierced sable

c2

Roose of Whitstone

Azure, four swans, proper (click and scroll down to Roose of Whitstone)

c3

Roose of Whitstone

Azure, four swans, proper

c4

Spoure

Gules, on a chevron or, a rose of the first, and two mullets pierced sable

d

Courtenay of Powderham

Or, three torteaux

 

Second Row

 

e

Bury of Colleton

Ermine, on a bend wavy engrailed azure three fleurs-de-lys or

f1

Spoure

Gules, on a chevron or, a rose of the first, and two mullets pierced sable

f2

Speccott

Or, on a bend gules, three mill-rinds pierced argent

f3

Speccott

Or, on a bend gules, three mill-rinds pierced argent

f4

Spoure

Gules, on a chevron or, a rose of the first, and two mullets pierced sable

g

Rodd

Argent, two trefoils and a chief sable

h

?

Gules, fess sable in chief a lion passant or

 

Third Row

 

i

?

?

j1

Trebartha

Azure, on a bend wavy argent, three Cornish choughs' heads erased, proper

j2

Callaway

Argent, two glaziers snippers in saltire between four pears sable

j3

Callaway

Argent, two glaziers snippers in saltire between four pears sable

j4

Trebartha

Azure, on a bend wavy argent, three Cornish choughs' heads erased, proper

k

Giffard of Weare Giffard

Sable, three fusils conjoined in fesse ermine

l

William de Valoines

Argent, three pallets wavy gules (click and scroll down to #235)

 

Fouth Row

 

m

Strode of Newnham, Plympton

Argent, a chevron between three conies courant sable

n

Walrond of Bradfield, Devon

Argent, three bulls’ heads cabossed sable armed or

 

#21 would appear to be a floor slab which has been moved to the wall. The plaque commemorates Renatus, the son of Renatus and Mary Bellot. It shows the arms of Bellott and Spoure.

 21_01a.JPG

Mary was born Mary Spoure and was the last of the Spoure line. She married Renatus senior around 1703 and their only son, named after his father was born a year or so later. Renatus senior died in 1710 and is buried at Cury. Renatus junior died when just eight years old and is buried in North Hill, probably beneath the nave or in the Spoure chapel.

Mary remarried at some point in the 1720s to Charles Grylls but he died in 1728, leaving Mary without a husband or an heir to inherit her estate.

 

#23 (upper part, lower part and detail) is an incised tomb slab which has been lifted and now stands as part of the south wall of the Spoure chapel. The arms shown are those of the Spoure and Trebartha families. The outer edge inscription reads “Here lyeth the Bodye / of Henrie Spoure of Trebartha Esquire who departed this lyfe the / xviii daye of October, anno / domi 1603 who had issue v sonnes and vi daughters, his adge 61.”

As thou art, so was I

and as I am so shall thou be.

Me ego flos veris quondam mos mortis imago.

Sole novo iuvenis, sole cadente senex.

Vi viri morior vitam mors ipsa probabit.

Qui mortis mors est hic mihi vita fiet

 

 

Rich Spoure Armig

defunti filius et heres

I myself, once in the springtime of life will soon encounter the face of death.

A youth in the dawning sun, an old man in the setting sun.

I die with the honour of a nobleman, death itself will prove my life to be worthy.

This death, death is here for me and my life.

 

Rich[ard] Spoure Armig[er]

son and heir of the deceased

 

 

The header image shows the family coat of arms and three members of the Spoure family, taken from the Book of Spoure.

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